How to Plant Fruit Trees
When planting a fruit tree, choose a spot with a great deal of sun exposure. Once you've selected a spot, begin by digging a planting hole that is 2 to 3 times the size of the planting container. Continue by mixing organic matter in with the soil to promote robust growth. We recommend Bumper Crop Organic Soil Amendment. Next, remove the tree from the container and place within the hole, filling in with the amended soil. To lessen the shock of transplanting, we recommend Esbenshade's Transplant Root Stimulator. This Transplant Root Stimulator stimulates rapid root growth, prevents plant stress, and reduces watering requirements. Bioplex 5-10-5 is a fortified Natural-Based Fertilizer complex, derived primarily from hydrolized fish, cold processed seaweed, and humic acid.
When to Spray Fruit Trees
Apples, peaches, pears, and cherry trees benefit from a dormant oil spray and lime sulfur in early spring. These can be applied separately or mixed together and aid in neutralizing over-wintering insects. Lime sulfur is specially effective on peach trees, which can develop a disease known as "peach leaf curl" if not treated early in the growing season. Next you'll want to get your tree on a regular spray program to guarantee a good fruit crop quality. Started your spray program at bud break, then at 10-14 day intervals until a couple of weeks before harvest time. Once established, most fruit trees product their fruit by the summer. A good 10-10-10 tree fertilizer applied in early spring will feed the tree, stimulate its growth and help assure a healthy crop.
Fruit Tree Clean-up
Spring is also the time to clean up all debris beneath your fruit tree, such as dead fruit, twigs and branches that dropped over the winter and that came off in your pruning. It’s also important to refrain from throwing dead fruit and branches into your compost pile. These may contain over-wintering diseases and insects that you don’t want to recycle into your fertilizer mix.
What Fruit Trees Do Best in the MidAtlantic Region?
Apple, cherry, peach, nectarine, plum and pear trees do very well in our area. Peach trees should be watched carefully for the effects of late frost.
Most Popular Fruit Trees
Dwarf fruit trees, which are the most popular varieties (except cherry trees, which are available mostly in semi-dwarf sizes), produce fruit within two to three growing seasons. These trees are popular mainly because they can be kept smaller. At a height of seven to ten feet, one does not need a ladder to pick the fruit. They also produce fruit faster. Semi-dwarf trees produce fruit in three to four years. If well tended, your fruit tree will live at least 20-25 years.