Recommended Plants for Birds

 

TREES

AMERICAN MOUNTAIN ASH – attracts some 14 species, including the cedar waxwing, brown thrasher, eastern bluebird, gray catbird, and evening and pine grosbeaks that eat the fruit.

DOWNY SERVICEBERRY – attracts at least 19 species that eat the fruit of serviceberry plants, including the hairy woodpecker, wood thrush, ruffed grouse, red-eyed vireo, and rose-breasted grosbeak.

EASTERN RED CEDAR – attracts at least 54 species that are known to eat the fruit, including the cedar waxwing, northern mockingbird, brown thrasher, & gray catbird. Also a nest site for songbirds.

FLOWERING CRABAPPLE – attracts a great variety of birds, including the northern flicker, and white-throated sparrow, which like to eat the small fruits, because they are easily plucked and swallowed.

FLOWERING DOGWOOD – attracts 36 species that eat the fruit, including six species of thrush, the northern flicker, pileated woodpecker, summer tanager, and evening and pine grosbeaks.

HAWTHORN – attracts at least 18 species, especially the cedar waxwing.

RED MULBERRY – attracts at least 44 species including yellow and black-billed cuckoos, and scarlet and summer tanagers.

SUGAR MAPLE – attracts the American robin and white-eyed vireo, which nest in the branches. The oriole, wren, and warbler eat insects from the foliage.

WHITE OAK – attracts the northern flicker, redheaded woodpecker, blue jay and others that eat the acorns.



SHRUBS

AMERICAN CRANBERRY BUSH – attracts at least 7 species that eat the fruit including the spruce and ruffed grouse, wild turkey, brown thrasher, cedar waxwing, and eastern bluebird.

AMERICAN ELDERBERRY – attracts at least 33 species to its fruit including the red-bellied and redheaded woodpeckers, eastern bluebird, and cardinal. The robin often eats the fruit before it is ripe.

BRAMBLES – attracts at least 49 species that eat the fruit including the wild turkey, blue jay, gray catbird, veery, cedar waxwing, yellow-breasted chat, and orioles.

COMMON SPICEBUSH – attracts migrants as well as resident birds such as bobwhite and flickers.

HIGH BUSH BLUEBERRY – attracts the robin, eastern bluebird, orchard oriole and at least 34 other species whose preference is for the blue-black fruit.

NANNYBERRY – attracts at least the five species that use the dense foliage for cover. The gray catbird, robin, eastern bluebird, and cedar waxwing are a few that eat the fruit.

NORTHERN BAYBERRY – attracts at least 25 species, including the yellow-rumped warbler, red-bellied woodpecker, and tree swallow that eat the fruit. An important food source for migratory birds.

PAGODA DOGWOOD – attracts at least 34 species with its fruit including the downy woodpecker, brown thrasher, wood thrush, bluebird, and cedar waxwing.

RED-OSIER DOGWOOD – attracts at least 18 species that eat the fruit, including the wild turkey and catbird. It is an important shrub for songbirds because of its dense cover.

STAGHORN SUMAC – attracts some ground-nesting birds. At least 21 species eat the fruit including the red-eyed vireo and robin.

WILD ROSE – attracts at least 20 species, which enjoy the rose hips that appear in late summer.

BEARBERRY – attracts the fox sparrow and grouse, which eat the berries.

COWBERRY – attracts the white-throated sparrow, which eat the fruit. Mountain cranberry makes good groundcover.