Draceana have tall stems with tufts of narrow, sword-like leaves at the top. Large varieties often grow 10 feet or more, while others do not exceed 3 feet in height. Dracaena are selected for their foliage and form, and often used for large-scale architectural indoor plantings. The most popular varieties have variegated foliage.
When conditioned properly Dracaena tolerate low light and infrequent waterings, but will grow very little under such conditions. Most Draceana lose their lower leaves as they age depending on the care given. A specific care guide should be reviewed for each species.
Dracaena-Warneckii-Janet Craig: Provide low to bright light, no direct sun. Allow soil to dry out over the top between thorough waterings. Average ideal temperature 55 to 75 degrees. Fertilize all year, less often in winter. Leaves will drop in excess if the soil is too wet or too dry for extended periods.
Dracaena Marginata-Dragon Tree-Magenta, Bi-color or Colorama – Provide at least moderate light, but no direct sun. Allow the soil to dry out over the top between thorough waterings. Ideal temperature 55 to 75 degrees. Leaves will scorch if the plant is in a draft or dry air.
Draceana-Gold Dust – The form of this species and the shape of its leaves makes it different from other Draceana. They rarely reach more than 2 feet tall, even in ample light. They require full light near a window. Keep the soil evenly moist, always watering thoroughly. Average ideal temperature range of 55 to 75 degrees. Leaves will scorch if the plant is in a draft or dry air, and will drop if the soil is too wet or too dry.
Draceana-Song of India (Reflexa or Pleomele) – Has many small leaves tightly hugging the wandering stems. This is a very tropical plant. It prefers medium to bright light. Allow the top inch of soil to dry between thorough waterings. Fertilize very little, a weak solution monthly spring thru fall. Average temperature 50 to 80 degrees. Leaves will scorch if the plant is in a draft or dry air. There are also many other types of Draceana, most are similar in care as those listed. Draceana are easy to care for and can live for years with proper care.