Winterberry

Winterberry (Ilex Verticillata) is a type holly that is a deciduous-one that looses it leaves in the winter- holly.  This type of holly does very well in wet (although it does not need wet soils to grow), acidic soils.  It grows in sun or partial shade.  The winterberries are a great naturalized plant, good for problem wet areas, a source of food for birds, and a native pennsylvania plant.  The winter is when this plant is at its best because that is when the berries are seen on the leafless plants.  You must plant a male and female plant for the female plant to get berries.  If planting in groups usually one male will have enough pollin for 6-8 female plants.  They can pollinate to about ¼ mile away though closer is better.  We usually have these varieties:

 

‘JIM DANDY’

 

Use this to pollinate “Red Sprite”, “Berry Nice” and “Afterglow”;  Grows 8-10’ by 6-7’

 

‘RED SPRITE’

 

Compact grower to 3’ - 4’ by 3’ - 4’;  One of the smaller deciduous hollies;  Use “Jim Dandy” to pollinate

 

‘WINTER RED’

 

Upright and spreading (suckering) to 9’ by 6’ - 8’;  Profuse berries;  Berries persist through the winter; Use "Apollo" or “Southern Gentleman” for pollinator

 

‘AFTERGLOW’

 

Grows slowly to 8-10’; Glossy green leaves; orange to orange-red berries; use “Jim Dandy”, ”southern gentleman”, or“Apollo” to pollinate – (Apollo best)

 

‘APOLLO’/ SOUTHERN GENTLEMAN

 

Male form to pollinate “Sparkleberry”, “Winter Red”, and “Afterglow” (Apollo better than S.Gentlman); Tips of new growth is attractive burgandy color; Grows 10-12’

 

‘SPARKLEBERRY’

 

Brilliant red fruits persist into winter often to March; Distintly upright to 12-15’; Use “Apollo”or “Southern Gentleman” for pollinator

 

‘Berry Nice’

 

Female plant grows to 6-8’ with 5’ spread. Use Jim Dandy to pollinate