Herbs as Ornamentals


HERBS AS ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

 

  Throughout history herbs have been used as ornamental plants to add color, texture, shape and scent to a garden. Herbs with colorful foliage always add color to the garden because they don’t rely on bloom time to make a contribution to the landscape. Those with scent can be picked for aroma or just brushed against for a pleasant odor when strolling through the garden.

 

The following lists include herbs for scent, foliage color, bloom color, borders, and those with shape and texture.

 

 
SCENTED HERBS

 

Anise hyssop-licorice

 

Balm, lemon-lemon, insect repellent

 

Basil-sweet basil

 

Chives-onion or garlic, appetite stimulant

 

Citrosia-lemon, also mosquito repellant

 

Curry-sweet curry

 

Eucalyptus-sweet menthol

 

Fennel-licorice

 

Lavender-both foliage & flower are scented

 

Lemon grass-lemon, insect repellent

 

Marjoram-sweet oregano

 

Mint-spearmint or peppermint

 

Monarda-sweet bergamont

 

Patchouli-heavy perfume

 

Rosemary-sweet aroma

 

Salad burnet-nutty aroma

 

Savory-winter-spicy

 

Scented geraniums-many possible scents

 

Southernwood-pungent aroma

 

Sweet annie-sweet scent

 

Sweet woodruff-woodsy

 

Thyme-lemon-lemon

 

caraway-caraway/thyme mix

 

french-most aromatic of the thyme

 

oregano-oregano/thyme mix

 

Verbena-lemon-lemon

 

Wormwood-pungent and sweet

 

 
FOLIAGE COLOR

 

Achillea-gray or green

 

Alchemilla-pale green

 

Basil-African blue-blue/green Rubin-purple basil

 

Curry-gray

 

Dianthus-light gray/green

 

Eucalyptus-blue/gray

 

Fever few, golden-light yellow/green

 

Fennel-bronze/deep brown

 

Germander-silver/gray

 

Germander-upright dark green

 

Lavender-green or gray especially fall and winter

 

Marjoram, gold-light green

 

Mint, calla-cream & green splashed

 

lime-light green

 

pineapple-cream & green variegated

 

Oregano, gold-light yellow/green

 

Oregano, cuban-cream & green foliage

 

Parsley, curled-deep green

 

Perilla-purple/red

 

Perovskia-gray

 

Rue-blue/green

 

Sage, berggarten-dark gray

 

golden-gold & green variegated

 

purple-purple/mauve

 

tricolor-purple, cream & green

 

Santolina-gray or green

 

Stachys-light gray

 

Southernwood-gray/green

 

Thyme, golden-green & gold variegated silver-light and dark gray

 

Wormwood-gray

 

 
BLOOM COLOR

 

Achillea-yellow, pink, red, purple (summer)

 

Anise hyssop-lavender (late summer)

 

Borage-blue star flowers (summer)

 

Catnip-mauve flowers (summer)

 

Catmint-mauve/purple flowers (summer)

 

Chamomile-white daisy-like flowers (summer)

 

Calendula-bright to pale yellow & Orange blooms (summer)

 

Chives-pink or garlic chives-white do not cut foliage until the blooms appears if you want flowers (summer)

 

Comfrey-small pink flowers (summer)

 

Dianthus-pink (early summer)

 

Echinacea-purple (summer)

 

Feverfew-white daisy-like flowers (mid-summer)

 

Germander-small pink flowers (mid-summer)

 

Hyssop-blue or pink (mid-summer)

 

Hypericum-yellow (summer)

 

Lavender-pale blue to deep lavender (summer)

 

Monarda-pink, lavender, red burgundy (summer)

 

Nasturtium-shades of red, yellow & orange (summer)

 

Oenothera-yellow or pink (summer)

 

Perovskia-purple (summer)

 

Rosemary-blue, pink or white (late summer)

 

Rue-yellow (mid-summer)

 

Sage-green & dwarf-blue (mid summer)

 

Saponaria-pink (summer)

 

Savory-winter-small white flowers (mid-summer)

 

Sweet woodruff-white (May)

 

Tansy-yellow button-like (mid summer)

 

Thyme-white, pink or lavender (summer)

 

Viola-bright yellow, blue & purple flowers (spring to early summer)

 

 
SHAPE AND TEXTURE

 

Achillea-feathery gray or green foliage

 

Alchemilla-large rounded leaves with crinkled edges

 

Basil, spicy globe-mound shape

 

Burnet, salad-soft oval leaves

 

Chives-vertical, cylindrical leaves

 

Comfrey-large leaves

 

Chervil-light green fern like foliage

 

Curry-narrow silver leaves

 

Eucalyptus-round leaves

 

Fennel-feathery foliage

 

Germander-similar to boxwood

 

Horehound-green/silver wooly texture

 

Lavender-long narrow leaves

 

Lemon grass-tall vertical leaves

 

Lovage-green deeply divided & large toothed

 

Marjoram & Oregano-small gray/green leaves

 

Mint, corsican-small foliage, used as a shade ground cover between stones

 

Parsley-green foliage with curly leaves

 

Rosemary-needle shaped dark green leaves

 

Rue-small round lobed leaves

 

Sage, berggarten-large oval textured leaves green-think oval textured leaves

 

Santolina-finely cut coral-like foliage

 

Scented geraniums-many sizes and textures usually with wooly or fuzzy foliage

 

Sempervivum-oval pointed succulent leaves

 

Southernwood-feathery, finely divided foliage

 

Stachys-thick hairy silver leaves

 

Sweet woodruff-pretty leaves that grow in a circle around the stem

 

Tansy-toothed fern-like foliage

 

Verbena, lemon-pale green lanced shaped leaves

 

Wormwood-rounded, finely divided Foliage

 

 
HERBS FOR BORDERS

 

Basil, spicy globe

 

Chives

 

Curry, dwarf

 

Germander, upright

 

Hyssop, blue or pink

 

Lavender, munstead

 

Myrtle, sweet

 

Nasturtium, mounding type

 

Parsley, curled

 

Rosemary, arp

 

Sage, dwarf

 

Santolina, gray or green

 

Savory, winter

 

Thyme, French